Best Pond Sludge Remover Guide 2021 (Fish Safe Methods)
|PondCare Ecofix Sludge Destroyer (100% Natural)||Pond Force Cold Water Bacteria (100% natural)||Oase Pondovac 4 Pond Sludge Vacuum Cleaner|
|Blagdon Bioactive Sludge Control (100% Natural)||Envii Sludge Klear All Year Treatment (100% Natural)||PondHero Sludge Muncher Pond Vacuum|
What is Pond Sludge? Bottom Muck Explained!
Pond sludge, or pond silt, is the collection of organic debris on the bottom of your pond which slowly decomposes over time. Any organic matter that falls into your pond, such as leaves, will eventually become waterlogged, sink, and will gradually contribute to bottom sludge. As pond sludge decomposes, harmful substances are released into the water which your beneficial bacteria population works to breakdown.
By far the most common cause of pond sludge is fallen leaves that land in the pond and gradually sink. Although this may not seem like a huge issue to begin with, eventually the amount of pond sludge that accumulates can cause problems with the pond’s ecosystem and water quality. As organic matter that makes up the muck decomposes, high levels of ammonia and nitrites are released into the water. These substances, in larger doses, are very dangerous to pond fish, and need to be constantly broken down by your biological filtration and bacteria.
Fallen leaves may be the single most common cause of pond sludge, but even pond plants can gradually contribute to the problem unless properly maintained. As the pond plants grow, reproduce, and die, their leaves and bodies will sink to the bottom of your pond. Algae is the largest contributing plant to sludge, and heavy blooms in summer months can literally overload your pond system with waste in a very short period of time.
A final contributing cause of pond sludge is the feeding of excess fish food or very low quality food which adds more waste to the pond system. Feeding should be closely monitored to ensure that all feed is being eaten by your koi and goldfish, and you should always feed with a high quality food as many low quality feeds contain a large amount of waste material which simply passes through your fish without being used (i.e., ash content).
How Do Pond Sludge Removers Work? (Different Methods Compared)
1) Natural Bacteria Sludge Removers
Modern pond sludge bacteria treatments usually contain naturally occurring enzymes and beneficial bacteria that work to consume the sludge over time. This is a popular method of removing pond sludge as it requires minimum effort, is not harmful to fish, and generally provides very good results. The bacteria begin to work immediately, but it can take up to 2 weeks for optimal results depending on the level of pond sludge present. This method should not be used on ponds with large waste problems or in low-oxygen conditions, as the bacteria cannot function efficiently and will simply contribute to more waste. The pond should first be cleaned manually (vac/net), and well aerated (air pump), before adding sludge eating bacteria to control future sludge build-up.
Note, for some bacterial based pond sludge removers to work, pond water will need to be around 45-55 degrees fahrenheit (7-12 celsius) or warmer. The bacteria that works to break down the pond sludge will not be able to actively work in colder temperatures, so it’s recommended to dose with bacterial pond sludge remover during the end of Spring or start of Summer for the best results.
You can also purchase cold weather pond sludge removers that work even during winter, which will give you a head start in Spring. Both pond sludge remover options are fine, but bacteria works more efficiently in warmer temperatures so colder treatments will be slower to break down the sludge.
2) Mechanical Pond Sludge Removers
Another option for pond sludge removal would include the use of a professional vacuum cleaner designed for pond sludge and pond silt. This method is a bit more expensive than using bacterial based pond sludge remover, but gives you more control over the cleaning process and works with any amount of sludge. It also allows you to remove more than just organic matter, with the pond vacuum doubling as a general purpose pond floor cleaning system. Since bacterial based pond treatments are slower working, and can’t break down 100% of matter than may be present, using a pond sludge vacuum cleaner may be preferred as a longer term investment. A pond sludge vacuum also has the benefit of being effective all year round, whereas bacterial based treatments are often only effective in warmer temperatures.
If you have a much smaller pond, such as a preformed pond, you can also try removing sludge by racking the pond floor with a wide-brim pond net. Although this would require a huge amount of work in lager ponds, it’s a cheaper option for pond owners on a budget with smaller water gardens.
Combining both pond sludge removal treatments is also not uncommon for optimal results, with a vacuum being better suited to remove the majority of bottom muck and a natural sludge eating product supplemented after to control future build up.
Tips: How to Prevent Sludge in Garden Ponds
1) Netting & Skimmer Systems
Since the most common cause of pond sludge is due to fallen leaves, purchasing a high quality pond net with fine mesh holes will eliminate this issue entirely. Pond nets have the added benefit of protecting your pond from predators, such as herons and cats. Another effective method of removing leaves which doesn’t require a pond net is to invest in a quality pond skimmer system. Pond skimmers can be floating or boxed, and help remove floating surface debris all year round. These are a bit more expensive than pond netting, but are not as noticeable and have the added benefit of acting as secondary filtration systems.
2) Aeration & Bacteria Products
A more natural method to prevent pond sludge is to regularly dose your pond water with beneficial bacteria that can help break down harmful substances. This is especially important after heavy water changes or when adding a new filter to a pond as beneficial bacteria cultures will be reduced. Beneficial bacteria is not harmful to fish, and can be dosed year round, so is a safe and effective preventive long term measure.
Ensuring you have plenty of dissolved oxygen in your water will help maximize the efficiency of your bacteria populations, and this can be provided using fountains, waterfalls, or air pumps. Alternatively, adding more pond plants can also help if they’re properly maintained as they will make use of bottom muck by absorbing nutrients.
2) Regular Cleaning & Maintenance
A final preventative measure is to simply keep on top of pond maintenance! Regular cleaning, surface debris removal, and making sure filters are in good working order are simple things that can help reduce pond sludge over time. For more information on this, check our cleaning articles here!
Best Pond Sludge Remover Reviews 2021
Due to the different brands available between the US and UK markets, we’ve researched and divided our categories to provide both American and UK pond owners a review on the best sludge remover available. We have listed below our best sludge remover picks available to both the US and UK market.
Before Adding Treatments
US - Best Sludge Remover
Great for Spring/Summer
A highly concentrated natural bacteria based sludge remover, PondCare’s EcoFix Sludge Destroyer is a great way to kick-start your pond in Spring and top up at the end of Summer. The sludge remover contains 100% natural active ingredients in the form of efficient bacteria capable of breaking down pond silt on your pond floor. This particular remover works best in Spring or Summer, as the bacteria require warmer temperatures to function. The best time to use this remover would be early Spring as a kick-start, and then regular doses until the end of summer to ensure a sludge free and clean water pond during the colder months.
The 5 strain beneficial bacteria within this remover are not just capable of sludge breakdown, but also contribute to the removal of dead algae. As organic matter is removed by the bacteria formula, oxygen levels in your pond’s water will naturally increase. This is especially good for pond fish, and will help prevent further algae growth in future. The best pond sludge remover for warmer months.
How to use: Shake well – add 1/2 cup (120ml) per 500 gallons (1,800L) of pond water twice a week for 2 weeks. Use during Spring or Summer.
Maintenance dose: Add 4 tsps (60ml) per 500 gallons (1800L) of pond water every 2 weeks.
Great for Autumn/Winter
Unlike PondCare’s treatment where the bacteria work best during warmer months, Pond Force’s bacteria formula has been designed to be effective in colder temperatures so can be dosed late Autumn or early Winter. The bacteria can work with temperatures as low 35° F (Effective up to 95° F), so would be a great sludge remover for very early Spring or late fall when the temperature is dropping. Even though the bacteria can work throughout the winter, it’s best to dose during Autumn for maximum efficiency and for a clear pond ready for the colder winter months. If needed, a maintenance dose during Winter can be added as preparation for Spring.
Pond Forces bacteria blocks are 100% natural, containing just bacteria and enzymes ready to dissolve dying matter and improve oxygen levels for your fish. They’re not harmful to the environment and are safe for both fish and plants in your pond. One of the best sludge removers for autumn or winter!
How to use: Each cold water block treats 1000 gallons (3600L) or pond water. Add monthly the required dose and repeat if needed. Use during Early Spring/ Autumn/Winter.
Great Manual Removal
For heavy duty all year round sludge removal and debris pickup! The Oase Pondovac 4 is the ultimate solution to pond cleaning and maintenance. If you have a very large pond, or maybe are not convinced by the results of regular sludge removers, a pond vacuum may the next best choice.
Vacuum cleaners for ponds are much more expensive than normal sludge remover products, but allow you more manual control when it comes to cleaning. A lot of pond owners actually combine the use of a regular sludge remover bacteria product with a pond vacuum for maximum results. This is because even though bacteria sludge removers will break down sludge, there will still be byproducts as a result of the bacteria working. Using a pond vacuum after a normal treatment will allow for the best removal of bottom sludge possible.
The Oase Pondovac 4 is an all purpose pond vacuum, ready and built to remove fine pond sludge and silt. The vacuum features a 2 tank system which allows for constant sludge pickup. As the first tank fills with sludge/debris, the vacuum will turn off when it’s close to capacity. A 2 valve switch system will then occur, with the first switch moving suction to the second empty tank allowing for more pickup, and the second switch activating drainage of tank 1 out of the exhaust hose. The cycle then repeats between tanks allowing constant pickup and drainage! The pond vacuum cleaner also features some useful general purpose hose attachments for those nooks and crannies.
Great for Spring/Summer
A great UK sludge remover choice comes in the form of Blagdon’s Bioactive Sludge control formula. This natural bacteria based sludge remover works best during Spring or Summer, with its bacteria complex requiring warmer temperatures to function effectively. Using this sludge remover after an algae control routine, such as after adding a new UV clarifier, will promote the breakdown of the dead algae that may sink to the pond floor. As with other bacteria based sludge removers, Blagdon’s offering provides fast organic breakup and also increases pond oxygen levels for safer fish keeping. One 250ml bottle will treat up to 2,200 liters of pond water, so you may need to purchase additional if you have a much larger garden pond. The easy dose chamber inside the bottle also makes dosing easy and accurate for smaller ponds. A great sludge remover for warmer weather!
How to use: Shake well, remove cap – fill the 25ml chamber by squeezing and add to clean watering can with water. You will need 1x 25ml dose per 900 liters of pond water. Use in Spring of Summer.
Maintenance dose: Repeat 25ml dose every 5 days for 1 month and then 1x 25ml a month until October.
Great for Autumn/Winter
An all year round sludge remover treatment, Envii’s Sludge Klear remover is a great choice for both warmer and colder months. Working as low as 4 degrees C, this pond sludge remover is ideal for late Autumn or very early Winter to get sludge under control ready for spring. After using this product in both Spring and Autumn, we actually saw better results in the colder Autumn, which was surprising!
Like all bacteria based removers, Envii’s Sludge Klear contains millions of active bacteria strains that work to break down organic matter on your pond floor. The bacteria have been designed to break down sludge, debris, and even green algae. This sludge treatment would be useful after a late year algae control treatment, as it remains effective in later months more than other treatments.
The sludge remover being 100% natural is also completely safe for pond fish, organisms, and plants. A great cold or warm weather sludge control treatment!
How to use: Clean filters before use and turn off UV light. Break crumble 1 tablet per 5,000 litres of pond water. Add to bucket of water and stir and leave for 2 hours. Afterwards, distribute evenly across pond surface. Use in any time of year, but great for Autumn and Winter!
Maintenance dose: Use double/triple dose for first use and then treat every 5-7 days with 1 tablet as maintenance.
Great Manual Removal
Another manual sludge removal method, the PondHero Sludge Muncher pond vacuum cleaner is a cost effective and powerful cleaning system for ponds. The vacuum is slightly less powerful than the Oase 4, but still more than capable of removing bottom sludge from even the largest of ponds with it’s powerful 1400w motor. We like this pond cleaner as the price is very reasonable, the vacuum is reliable, and the suction power is surprisingly strong. The vacuum contains a 30 liter reservoir tank for collecting debris, and a convenient discharge function and outlet hose for fast removal. The discharge is automatic, takes around 30 seconds, and then begins suction again for more pickup. The pond vacuum can be used for pond sludge, fine debris, and even pond leaves.
A downside is the motor is very loud, and can be a little fiddley to handle at first, but it’s a durable piece of kit with lots of hose attachments and accessories for deep cleaning around edges, corners and tough patches.
The vacuum has a 2 year warranty, and has been very reliable in our tests. We recommend this to anyone looking for a cost effective pond sludge vacuum which still has plenty of power.